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09. Transportation

Energy for Transportation

2017-07-26. Britain to Ban New Diesel and Gas Cars by 2040. By Stephen Castle, The New York Times.

2017-07-06. France Plans to End Sales of Gas and Diesel Cars by 2040. By Jack Ewing, The New York Times.

2017-03-11. Behind the Quiet State-by-State Fight Over Electric Vehicles. By Hiroko Tabuchi, The New York Times.

2017-02-17. A Push for Diesel Leaves London Gasping Amid Record Pollution. By Kimiko de Freitas-Tamura.

2016-10-06. Range Is All the Rage in Paris, as Electric Cars Steal the Show. By Jerry Garrett, The New York Times.

2016-09-11. A Glorified Sidewalk, and the Path to Transform Atlanta. By Richard Fausset, The New York times.

2016-08-19. How Garbage Trucks Can Drive a Green Future. By ROBERT B. CATELL and JOANNA D. UNDERWOOD, The New York Times.

2016-07-25. Round-the-world flight completed by solar aircraft. By Associated Press.

2016-07-19. Chemists create vitamin-powered battery. By Naomi Lubick, Science.

2016-06-08. Jet flight to SFO fueled by corn. By David R. Baker, San Francisco Chronicle.

2016-06-02. Microbe-linked solar panels are better than plants at converting sunlight to energy. By Robert F. Service, Science.

2016-05-27. The Battery Builder. By Robert F. Service, Science.

2016-05-13. Biofuels Plant in Hawaii Is First to Be Certified as Sustainable. By Diane Cardwell, the New York Times.

2015-12-22. How Biofuels Can Cool Our Climate and Strengthen Our Ecosystems. By Evan H. DeLucia and Carl R. Woes, Earth & Space News (AGU).

2015-11-12. Global shift to bicycling could save world trillions of dollars, 10 percent of transport emissions. By Kat Kerlin, UC Davis.

2015-11. How Do Electric Vehicles Compare to Conventional Gasoline-Powered Vehicle When It Comes to Global Warming Emissions? By Rachael Nealer, Union of Concerned Scientists.

2014-11-18. A Road Test of Alternative Fuel Visions. By Kenneth Chang, The New York Times.

2014-05-22. EV Ownership: A Conversation with the Experts. 37 min video-recording of a Google Hangout discussion on electric vehicles.... . By Union of Concerned Scientists.

2014-02. A greener way to make biofuels. Excerpt: Plants take energy from the Sun, and use it to make sugar. We ...extract the sugar, and ferment it to make fuel. That’s the process for ethanol and cellulosic biofuels in a nutshell. ...Kef Kasdin... is executive at Proterro, a company that has taken a different approach to biofuels. Proterro cuts out plants entirely, instead using cyanobacteria to produce sugar directly. ...Kasdin and Proterro cofounder John Aiken ...were drawn to the idea of engineering cyanobacteria to make sugar. Cyanobacteria get all the energy they need from the Sun, and live on water and carbon dioxide. ...Irrigation-grade or even waste water can be used. And depending on how they are grown, they can produce considerably more sugar per acre of land than sugarcane can. ...[Proterro's] bioreactor sits in a field in Florida, a 5-meter-long white cylinder suspended in black netting. ...Proterro hopes this outdoor bioreactor replicates the success of its greenhouse demonstration, .... If this bioreactor does as well, they will replicate it 100-fold. And ...the next step would be a commercial plant. Ideally, such a plant would be hooked up directly to an ethanol fermenter, Kasdin says. Proterro would take the CO2 exhaled by the fermentation yeast in the ethanol vats and pump it through the bioreactors. The cyanobacteria in the bioreactors would take the carbon dioxide and make sucrose. The sugar water from the cyanobacteria’s bioreactors could then be pumped right back to the ethanol refinery and fed to the yeast. “That sounds pretty easy, a pretty tight little loop ...eliminating the traditional costs of transport, harvest and storage for biomass. Once implemented, the process would sharply increase the energy return on energy investment (EROEI) compared to conventional ethanol production, according to Proterro’s Kasdin....  Kim Krieger, Physics Today.


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Electric Vehicles

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ForgeFX Interactive 3D simulation by Prentice Hall - 4-STROKE ENGINE - allows the student to explore how a four stroke engine works and to gain an understanding of the different strokes involved.

Fuel efficiency data

AAA Gas watcher's guide

WVO Designs wiki on Biodiesel—Waste Vegetable Oil as a fuel