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2018-08-11. Burying ‘One Child’ Limits, China Pushes Women to Have More Babies.

posted Aug 18, 2018, 10:18 PM by Alan D. GOULD BA
By Steven Lee Myers and Olivia Mitchell Ryan, The New York Times. [https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/11/world/asia/china-one-child-policy-birthrate.html] For GSS Population Growth chapter 6. Excerpt: BEIJING — For decades, China harshly restricted the number of babies that women could have. Now it is encouraging them to have more. It is not going well. Almost three years after easing its “one child” policy and allowing couples to have two children, the government has begun to acknowledge that its efforts to raise the country’s birthrate are faltering because parents are deciding against having more children. Officials are now scrambling to devise ways to stimulate a baby boom, worried that a looming demographic crisis could imperil economic growth — and undercut the ruling Communist Party and its leader, Xi Jinping. It is a startling reversal for the party, which only a short time ago imposed punishing fines on most couples who had more than one child and compelled hundreds of millions of Chinese women to have abortions or undergo sterilization operations. The new campaign has raised fear that China may go from one invasive extreme to another in getting women to have more children. Some provinces are already tightening access to abortion or making it more difficult to get divorced.“To put it bluntly, the birth of a baby is not only a matter of the family itself, but also a state affair,” the official newspaper People’s Daily said in an editorial this week, prompting widespread criticism and debate online....
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