2015-10-29. China Ends One-Child Policy, Allowing Families Two Children.

posted Oct 30, 2015, 8:53 AM by Alan Gould   [ updated Nov 14, 2015, 9:45 PM ]
By Chris Buckley, The New York Times. For GSS Population Growth chapter 6. Excerpt: BEIJING — Driven by fears that an aging population could jeopardize China’s economic ascent, the Communist Party leadership ended its decades-old “one child” policy on Thursday, announcing that all married couples would be allowed to have two children. The decision was a dramatic step away from a core Communist Party position that Deng Xiaoping, the Chinese leader who imposed the policy in the late 1970s, once said was needed to ensure that “the fruits of economic growth are not devoured by population growth.” For China’s leaders, the controls were a triumphant demonstration of the party’s capacity to reshape even the most intimate dimensions of citizens’ lives. But they bred intense resentment over the brutal intrusions involved, including forced abortions and crippling fines, especially in the countryside. ...Abolishing the one-child policy would “increase labor supply and ease pressures from an aging population,” the National Health and Family Planning Commission, which enforces the policy, said in a statement issued after the party meeting. ...Yet while the decision surprised many experts and ordinary Chinese, some said it was unlikely to ignite either a baby boom or an economic one. ...The initial public reaction to the party leaders’ decision was restrained, and many citizens in Beijing who were asked whether they would grasp the chance to have two children expressed reluctance or outright indifference. Some, however, were pleased....  http://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/30/world/asia/china-end-one-child-policy.html  
See also
One-Child Rule Is Gone in China, but Trauma Lingers for Many (NY Times)
Researchers react to China’s two-child policy move (Science)
End of China’s One-Child Policy Stings Its ‘Loneliest Generation’ (NY Times 2015-11-13)