For GSS Losing Biodiversity chapter 1. Excerpt: ...Amphibian and reptile biodiversity is greatest in the world at Peru's Manu National Park, according to a new study...published in the journal Biota Neotropica, identifies 287 reptiles and amphibians in the park, which encompasses high-altitude cloud forests, lowland Amazonian rainforest and Andean grasslands. ...Manu National Park's collection includes 155 amphibian and 132 reptile species, ... more than 1,000 bird species and more than 1,200 butterfly species. The park was recognized as a UNESCO Biosphere Preserve in 1977 and a World Heritage Site in 1987. ...The researchers attribute Manu National Park's remarkable species diversity to its large area and steep topographic variation. The park only represents an estimated 0.01 percent of the Earth's land area, but is home to 2.2 percent of all amphibians and 1.5 percent of all reptiles known worldwide, the biologists said. The park's biodiversity is threatened, however, by the chytrid fungus, which has caused a decline in the number of frogs there, .... Deforestation for subsistence living, gold mining and oil and gas drilling are encroaching on the buffer zone around the park, the researchers said in a statement, noting that these pose threats not just to wildlife, but to the indigenous tribes that call the park home. http://www.natureworldnews.com/articles/6113/20140220/perus-manu-national-park-home-amphibians-reptiles-earth-video.htm. [VIDEO] By James A. Foley, Nature World News.
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