Energy Use Investigation 8.2:
Compute the R-Value of a Material
- Find the temperature difference T on the two sides of the material
- Multiply it by the area A of the material
- Divide it by the rate of heat flow H through the material.
R-Value = T x A / H
What is the R-value of a 2-square-foot window that allows 20 btu of heat to flow through it per hour?
The indoor temperature is 65°F and the outside temperature is 55°F.
Celsius (°C) to Fahrenheit (°F)*:
Use this formula to convert °C to °F:
* See explanation of temperature scales.
°F = (°C x 9/5) = 32
We use non-metric temperature (°F) in our calculations because most American energy-related industries have not converted to the metric system. To use °C would add an extra step of complexity to figure out the R-value of insulation, which use btus and °F.