Energy Use Investigation 4.2:

The Future of
Electric Power Production

Question 4.14
What percent of electrical power in this country is from burning fossil fuels?
How do you think the percentages of different plants will change in 50 or 100 years?
Why?

Question 4.15
Imagine a developing nation, such as China, hired you to advise them on what types of power plants they should build to provide their citizens with lights, TVs, and other modern conveniences. What kind(s) of power plants would you recommend?
Why?

  Number of Power Plants Megawatts of Power Percentage of Power
Fossil Fuel (coal) 1,198 325,001 43.3%
Fossil Fuel (Gas) 2,148 147,260 19.6%
Fossil Fuel (Petroleum) 3,321 76,511 10%
Hydroelectric 3,352 73,202 9.7%
Hydro Pumped Storage 141 18,669 2.4%
Nuclear 107 107,632 14.3%
Geothermal 27 1,746 0.2%
Solar 11 5 less than 1%
Wind 19 14 less than 1%
Wood 8 261 less than 1%
Total 10,332 750,301 100%

Source: Energy Information Administration of the U.S. Department of Energy, 1998 data


Comments